Welcome to our page regarding refurbishing our 1978 Chevrolet El Camino and getting it roadworthy once more.

We include this page as an interesting reference of our own experiences, in hopes that it might be useful to others in some manner.
 1978 Chevrolet El Camino Arrival condition
 1978 Chevrolet El Camino Information
 1978 Chevrolet El Camino Body work
 1978 Chevrolet El Camino Front grille
 1978 Chevrolet El Camino Rear bumper
 1978 Chevrolet El Camino Rear license plate holder
 1978 Chevrolet El Camino Resources



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Arrival condition


We purchased this project mostly mechanically intact. The drivetrain was in very good shape, and the entire exhaust including the ceramic coated headers was brand new. The previous owner had professionally installed a true dual-pipe arrangement, which meant switching out the crossmember for a beefy aftermarket piece so the exhaust could pass through. The drivetrain is still factory-issue, with the original 350 cubin inch engine backed by a TH350 transmission. The rear gear ratio appears to be 2.73, so while not great for acceleration it is fantastic for fuel mileage.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino

The suspension front end was almost entirely rebuilt, and the rear suspension was in good shape. The factory air shocks are replaced with standard hydraulic shocks. We're not sure how we feel about this modification, and might change it back. This car was being used as a daily driver when we scooped it up, as the owner had to sell it, so mechanically it appears to be well maintained and in great shape. The factory 4 barrel Quadrajet carburetor looks rebuilt and the car starts right away every time.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino

Generally there is a ton of cosmetic work that needs done. There is a large dent in the roof that we will be pulling out. The factory color of this vehicle appears to have been gold, repainted in a forest green metallic by a previous owner. There are some dents and issues with the body, and the interior needs a lot of work.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino

The vehicle has a factory air conditioning system, which appears to have been converted to newer refridgerant and is currently inoperable, so we will be rebuilding the a/c system at some point.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino

The wheels are not factory correct, being off of a Camaro from the same era. They are very close to the standard wheels though and will work for the look we are going for. Although the missing trim pieces were included in the sale, many are not in great shape and look better than they actually are. We are considering a chrome trim-delete modification to save cost on replacement chrome.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino

In general, the impresson on arrival is that it drives and handles beautifully but is very cosmetically ragged.

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Information


The first order of business was to decipher just how original our El Camino was. There was no surviving label with RPO codes, and we could not locate any of the build sheets during tear-down. We had to back into deciphering everything by a little automotive archeology. Figuring out which parts are original factory parts, and which have been replaced, among other methods such as researching available options and pulling as much information off the car as possible. Some option codes require others, and are linked together, making these easy to assign.

The VIN tells us very little, other than this is a 1978 Chevrolet El Camino 2 door pickup truck with a 350 engine manufactured in Fremont, CA. It's a good starting point though.

The engine casting numbers are appropriate to this time period. We can extrapolate some information based off of the trim level. Some things are uncertain, such as tilt steering, which is easy to add and duplicate a factory install. The codes below are our best extrapolation based off the existing information. It is possible to buy a reproduction build sheet from GM, but we opted not to. This vehicle will be more of a 'restomod' than a direct restoration, as it has already undergone a lot of work over the years by others.

A42: SIX WAY POWER DRIVERS SEAT
C60: AIR CONDITIONING
D35: MIRRORS, LH REMOTE AND RH MANUAL SPORT
D91: CONQUISTA
J50: POWER BRAKES
K76: 61 AMP ALTERNATOR
LM1: 350 CUBIC INCH ENGINE
MX1: AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
N33: TILT STEERING WHEEL
N41: POWER STEERING
U05: DUAL HORNS
U14: GAGE PACKAGE WITH TACHOMETER
U29: COURTESY LAMP
U63 or U69 or U58 or UM1 or UM2 RADIO: all we know is this vehicle had a factory radio of some type
U76: WINDSHIELD ANTENNA
UX6: SPEAKERS, DUAL FRONT
VE5: BUMPER RUB STRIP FR/RR
V30: BUMPER GUARDS
V35: ELECTRIC CLOCK
VX3: FRONT LICENSE MOUNT
ZJ9: AUXILLARY LIGHTING, UNDERHOOD
56M: ACCENT COLOR: GOLD METALLIC

Interior seat, headliner, door trim: Camel
Instrument pad and carpet: Camel
Seat: PCC3 knit cloth 50/50, Camel
Axle: either 2.41:1 or 2.73:1
Exterior paint: 69 or 61 Camel (metallic). Unsure of exact match, but it is one of these
Tire and wheel size: unknown

Interesting to note is our vehicle has a hood ornament mounted on the front valance. No other pictures or dealer or factory documentation we can find show a hood ornament mounted there. Our best guess is this in not the same valance that came with the vehicle from the factory. It also has the extra chrome trim package between the bed rail and the mid-body trim line. This makes it a 'Conquista' package, even though the logos on the tailgate and passenger side dash are not there (the tailgate having been repainted and the dash replaced with a black one). This package most likely included a two-tone paint scheme.

In total, this is a nicely equipped El Camino for 1978. It has the largest engine option, although it is automatic. The four speed manual is more desireable in the automotive market. It has some electric power options, but not all, windows and locks particularly missing. It has obviously been repainted green at some point. There are some trim and interior parts missing, and the whole interior will need some work.

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Body work


The first step was to strip the body and see exactly what we had to work with. We removed all the chrome and trim, bumpers, etc., and evaluated the sheet metal. It was generally very solid with a few spots that needed work, other than the large dent in the roof. We are liking the preview of the look without the chrome trim, and may go that route on the body.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino stripped body

We hammered the roof dent out from the inside with a punch, dolly, and hammer, and then smoothed it with body filler. In the end it required about as much filler as would have been required to smooth a welded patch.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino roof

The plastic corner trim piece on the rear driver's side had been mashed in by the bumper. We opted to repair it rather than buy a new one. We removed the piece and baked it in an oven at 200 degrees for about twenty minutes, then pressed it back into shape and maintained it until cool.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino rear corner

The rest of the body got sanded and smoothed, with special attention to areas with surface rust or holes.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino

This vehicle had been used for work, so the tailgate was scarred and required some elbow grease to get smooth and decent.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino

At the end of the day, this thing is still a truck so we opted to not make the inside of the bed and tailgate absolutely silky smooth. The bed had previously been protected by a rubber floor mat so it was in decent shape, but there had been a hinged toneau cover on it at some point in the past that required some patching from hardware and drain holes.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino

With the body almost fully prepped, we ordered paint and prepared our painting setup. We opted to go with roughly the same metallic green, using a standard GM color code for 'Forest Green'. Using a standard color code will make future body repairs easier, if ever necessary. Here is the car out of the paint stage, getting ready for reassembly:

1978 Chevrolet El Camino painted green

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Front grille


The front grille was not in great shape. The driver's side upper corner was broken off and the rest generally shabby. We opted to repair the existing grille rather than purchase a new one. This isn't intended as a 1,000 point restoration, so 'good enough' was just fine. Our hope is that eventually someone will drive and use this truck, so we don't want to make it a perfect trailor queen anyway.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino grille original
1978 Chevrolet El Camino grille wear

The chrome-coated plastic was peeling badly. There aren't many good and cheap ways to fix this, unfortunately. We wire-brushed off the loose chrome, and sanded smooth everthing we could. We removed the emblem, which had almost all its factory paint gone. We will be refinishing the emblem also. The next step was to repair the broken corner. We abraided the broken area lightly to provide traction for the fix, then used masking tape to create a rough mold for the epoxy filler.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino grille corner repair

Once the epoxy was dry, we filed it to the rough shape, then used standard body filler to smooth the surface and malke it conform to the original shape. We used several coats and steps, the photos below show only a rough finish. It took us about three coats and several sanding steps to make it good enough to match the factory fit and finish.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino grille corner

With the unit whole once more, the next step was to prime and sand the entire thing. The factory appearance has the inset portion of the grille black, and the rest chrome, including the inner portions of the openings. We next sprayed the entire unit black, then masked the front of the openings over top the insets, and sprayed chrome from the back and the front(Yes chrome paint is not the best thing in the world, but again we are going for 'good' not 'perfect').

1978 Chevrolet El Camino grille painting

After hand-painting the lettering, we ended up with an acceptable product for very little cost, which was the goal.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino grille final

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Rear bumper


The rear bumper had sustained at some point a low velocity inward pressure that had compressed the shock between the bumper and frame on the driver's side. Absorbing some of the impact is the intention of the shock absorber, but once compressed they do not rebound naturally.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino rear bumper

Once these fluid-filled impact shocks are compressed, they cannot be easily uncompressed without draining the fluid. We could have opted for complete replacement, but note in the pictures below someone has already placed mis-matched bumper shocks on the rear. A little further modification that is invisible once installed will not hurt it any more.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino rear bumper

Once removed from the bumper assembly, the shock can be drained of its fluid and internal pressure by drilling a hole in the casing. We measured the difference between sides and noted we have to pull this one out a little more than an inch.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino rear bumper

Using a bearing puller, we uncompressed the shock until it matched the one on the other side. Once the fluid is drained there is little resistance to compression, so we drilled out a hole and installed a through-bolt. Yes it defeats the purpose of the shock, but the one on the passenger side had already been previously welded in place. Modifying this one to match won't hurt anything, and will be invisible once installed. Should this vehicle get in an accident, preserving the bumper will be the least of the drivers worries in any case. But the bolt can still shear and allow the shock to compress, absorbing some of the impact as intended.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino rear bumper

The bumper mounted perfectly with our careful measurements, and is now symmetrical with the body.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino rear bumper

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Rear plate holder


The rear license plate holder also was in deteriorating shape cosmetically. We sanded the deteriorated areas to get a smooth transition, then masked the areas that were to remain chromed. A quick spray of black paint brought it back to looking good again.

1978 Chevrolet El Camino rear license plate holder

The newly installed rear plate holder:

1978 Chevrolet El Camino rear license plate holder

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Resources


We found these resources valuable or interesting for our work:

     1978 Chevrolet El Camino Sales Brochure
     1978 Chevrolet El Camino Dealer Information
     1978 GMC Caballero Dealer Information

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